Today is August 20, World Mosquito Day. World Mosquito Day was first established in 1897, when the link between mosquitos and malaria transmission was discovered by Sir Ronald Ross.
Over the next he and other researchers from France, Italy, Russia and the USA turned to malaria, a major killer in both tropical and temperate countries. They slowly completed the complex jigsaw of malaria transmission and biology in humans and mosquitoes.
It aims to raise awareness about the causes of malaria and how it can be prevented, as well as fundraising for research into the cure of malaria. It is also a salute to the groundbreaking work of Sir Ross and scientists who have followed him.
In 1894, Manson persuaded Ronald Ross, a medical officer in the Indian Medical Service, to study mosquitoes as the likely vector of the malaria parasite. After years of fruitless research Ross finally proved in 1897 that Anopheles mosquitoes could carry the malaria parasite.
He called the day of his discovery, 20 August, 1897 “Mosquito Day”. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine later named 20th August World Mosquito Day to mark the significance of his discovery, which is celebrated annually.
This critical link to the Anopheles mosquito also showed that practical measures to prevent mosquito bites and control mosquito populations- vector control- could be used to prevent malaria.