The Night of Eid and Sunnahs of Eid al-Adha

Religion Desk
31 July 2020, Fri
Published: 10:12

The Night of Eid and Sunnahs of Eid al-Adha

Eid-ul-Adha is an Islamic festival and one of the holiest occasions in the Islamic religion. This year, the festival of Eid-ul-Adha will be observed on Saturday. The festival of Eid-ul-Adha is also most popularly known as Bakra Eid as Muslim community give the sacrifice of Bakri (goat) on this day. The festival of Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated by the Muslims residing across the world. On the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha, people meet each other to celebrate the day with hugs, wishes, prayers, and gala feast. Men, women, children draped in exquisite clothing visit their relatives, friends and neighbours with sweets and gifts. Many people also take part in the Hajj pilgrimage - an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest city for Muslims.

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ taught us to fill these blessed days and nights with the remembrance of Allah generally and specifically with the Takbir in which we express Allah’s greatness and transcendence.  He said ﷺ: “Beautify your Eid days with the Takbir.”[1] It is recommended to make the Takbir after every prayer (fard or nafl) from Fajr on the Day of `Arafah (9th Dhu’l-Hijjah) until `Asr on the 13th, the final day of the Three Days of Tashriq.

We should also fill the night before Eid with Takbir from Maghrib up until the Eid prayer. On the night of Eid only, the Takbir is not limited to being read after the prayer, but rather it should be read in abundance in our houses and mosques and in the streets (without causing a disturbance). We should read it with our hearts filled with the greatness of Allah so that we are not merely repeating words without experiencing their meaning.

Giving Life to the Night of Eid
It is a sunnah to give life to the night before Eid, meaning spending whatever time we are able in worship and remembrance such that the night comes alive. The least we should do is to pray Maghrib, Isha and Fajr in the congregation. The mosques of Tarim fill in the second half of the night with people reading the Qur’an in groups, praying and making Takbir together at intervals. At the end of the night, everyone comes together for a khatam and dua.

It has been narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “There are five nights on which du`a is not rejected: the first night of Rajab, the fifteenth night of Sha`ban, Thursday night, the night before Eid al-Fitr and the night before Eid al-Nahr (al-Adha).” Sayyiduna `Ali, may Allah be well pleased with him, used to spend four nights in worship: the first night of Rajab, the nights before the two Eids, and the 15th night of Sha`ban.

It is mentioned in the hadith that if someone gives life to the nights before the two Eids, Allah will give life to his heart on the day when hearts die.

There are different forms of the Takbir. Here is one of them:

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar la ilaha ill’Allah. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd 

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar la ilaha ill’Allah. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd

 Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar la ilaha ill’Allah. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd

Sunnahs of Eid al-Adha
The root meaning of the word Eid is to return because it returns, again and again, bringing with it Allah’s gifts and blessings. Allah commanded His Messenger ﷺ to show his gratitude to Him for the immense good that he was given (al-Kawthar) through prayer and slaughter: So pray to your Lord and slaughter.[3] The scholars say that this refers to the Eid Prayer and the sacrifice.

We should do what we are able to implement the other sunnahs of the Eid.

Among them are:

  • Taking a bath whether or not you are attending the Eid prayer
  • Wearing your best clothes and best perfume –  the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had special garments that he would only wear on Eid.
  • Not eating anything before the Eid prayer but rather eating after returning from the prayer. The first thing the Prophet used to eat was liver from the animal he had sacrificed.
  • Walking to the prayer, taking a longer route on the way there and returning by a different shorter route.
  • Shaking hands with your brethren, congratulating them on the Eid and asking that their actions be accepted by Allah.
  • Being especially generous to your family, displaying your happiness on the occasion and trying to visit your relatives and friends. Source: muwasala